4 playful date nights for adults in Chicago

Today, another species joins the March of the Fossil Penguins. Paleontologists have uncovered the remains of over 50 species of extinct penguins, most of them millions of years old. Eudyptes warhami is unique — it died out only a few hundred years ago, making it the youngest fossil penguin. Whereas most of the penguin species that have ever lived went extinct long before humans evolved, this species actually lived side by side with humans for a short time. Unfortunately, that brief encounter turned out to be deadly. Composite fossil skull of Eudyptes warhami, an extinct penguin species from the Chatham Islands. An international team of researchers extracted mitochondrial DNA from subfossil bones discovered in sand dunes on the Chatham Islands. This project combined skeletal morphology with DNA evidence to understand how the new penguin evolved. Skeletal features provided the first clue — the existence of a lost species was hinted at by earlier comparisons of penguin bones collected from sand dunes on the Chatham Islands. Alan Tennyson a co-author on the study and Phillip Millener examined penguin bones from these islands, and found that they did not match up with those of any living species.

Outback flamingos, giant penguins on new list of extinct Australian birds

A lighter is a portable device used to create a flame , and to ignite a variety of combustible materials, such as gas stoves , fireworks , candles or cigarettes. It consists of a metal or plastic container filled with a flammable fluid or pressurized liquid gas, a means of ignition to produce the flame, and some provision for extinguishing the flame.

Alternatively, a lighter can be powered by electricity, using an electric arc or heating element to ignite the target. The first lighters were converted flintlock pistols that used gunpowder. The patenting of ferrocerium often misidentified as flint by Carl Auer von Welsbach in has made modern lighters possible. When scratched it produces a large spark which is responsible for lighting the fuel of many lighters, and is suitably inexpensive for use in disposable items.

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penguin lighters

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Looking to flip the date on its muddy heels? You are going to love the “Happy Hour” class at Penguin Foot Pottery, W. Armitage Ave.

Most collectors of antique cigarette lighters know that it is very hard to find lighters from the early part of the s. Generally, cigarette lighter collections consist of lighters from the s and newer. Many of these lighters feature beautiful designs, unique shapes and interesting advertising logos. To collectors of cigarette lighters and other forms of tobacciana, the word antique is often considered a subjective matter.

Many agree that to be an antique an item must be at least years old. However, there are also a great number of others that believe that to be an antique the item simply must belong to the past and be desired by collectors because of its age, rarity and uniqueness. The disagreement between the two schools of thought has continued in the field of antiques and collectibles for decades with each side has having a large school of followers.

Those that follow the years old rule are following the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of , a customs law put into place by the United States. Those that argue against the validity of the year rule stand firm on their beliefs. It is this disagreement on the definition of the term antique regarding a vast array of collectible items, including cigarette lighters, that accounts for so many lighters being termed antique when they are from the mid twentieth century.

In reality, throughout the world many antique dealers, auctioneers and collectors commonly refer to cigarette lighters as antique when many others would refer to them as vintage. The early lighters tended to be very large, produced a great amount of heat and were very dangerous due to the fuel and catalyst being used, which were:.

On This Date: Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins showed off their uniforms in 1998

The WBS Penguins played their first season in The colors of black and gold along with red were also a nod to Pittsburgh. A referendum vote in to build an arena failed by a small margin, but Blaum was a force to keep the project moving. We will be open.

However, tip-dated Bayesian approaches additionally consider the total-​evidence dating reveals the recent crown radiation of penguins. Syst.

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: Penguin writer Nude Oil Lighter Made in Japan army Khaki: Sports. Shipping Weight, g. Date First Available, November 15,

Simultaneously analysing morphological, molecular and stratigraphic data suggests a potential resolution to a major remaining inconsistency in crocodylian evolution. The ancient, long-snouted thoracosaurs have always been placed near the Indian gharial Gavialis , but their antiquity ca 72 Ma is highly incongruous with genomic evidence for the young age of the Gavialis lineage ca 40 Ma. We reconcile this contradiction with an updated morphological dataset and novel analysis, and demonstrate that thoracosaurs are an ancient iteration of long-snouted stem crocodylians unrelated to modern gharials.

Phylogenetic methods that ignore stratigraphy parsimony and undated Bayesian methods are unable to tease apart these similarities and invariably unite thoracosaurs and Gavialis. However, tip-dated Bayesian approaches additionally consider the large temporal gap separating ancient thoracosaurs and modern Gavialis iterations of similar long-snouted crocodyliforms. These analyses robustly favour a phylogeny which places thoracosaurs basal to crocodylians, far removed from modern gharials, which accordingly are a very young radiation.

This phylogenetic uncoupling of ancient and modern gharial-like crocs is more consistent with molecular clock divergence estimates, and also the bulk of the crocodylian fossil record e.

Dating Penguin Lighter

This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong.

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of little penguins (Eudyptula minor, Forster, ) using automated distribution observed for lighter siblings ( ± %). Here Days (respect laying date).

By Eric Beeson — June 30th, In this article, Eric Beeson talks about collecting vintage cigarette lighters, including brands such as Zippo, Ronson, and Dunhill. Cigarette lighter collecting is a hobby that never gets boring. A flame we can carry in our pockets is something that we take for granted, but it was much harder to make fire in earlier times.

The device created hydrogen gas in a tube from a reaction of sulfuric acid and zinc together, which would ignite after passing through a platinum sponge. The Feuerzeug was a huge success, with an estimated 20, in use by But the Feuerzeug, in all its effectiveness, was not very safe, and would probably be illegal today. Lighter development advanced greatly during World War I, as soldiers found them much more useful than matches, which caused a large spark when lit, easily giving away the positions of soldiers in the dark.

The basic shape of the modern cigarette lighter can be traced back to its ancestor, the match holder. By keeping them inside metal cases, they stopped the danger of pocket fires. This shape, roughly rectangular with rounded edges, became the prototype for almost all cigarette lighters. In fact, some crude lighters have been housed in match cases. The shapes and designs reflected the modern aesthetic, such as the early Art Deco patterns and styles. At that point, there were three basic types of lighters.